Madhubani painting originated in a small village of Bihar state of india, known as Mithila. In older times, the women of the village drew the paintings on the walls of their home. With time, the paintings started becoming a part of festivities and special events,like marriage. Slowly , the Madhubani painting of India crossed the traditional boundaries and started reaching admirers of art, both at the national as well as the international level.
Madhubani painting/Mithila painting was traditionally created by the women of the Brahman, Dusadh and Kayastha communities in Mithila region in Nepal and India. It was originated in Madhubhani village of Capital city of Ancient Mithila known as Janakpur.
Madhubani art has five distinctive styles – Bharni, Katchni, Tantrik, Nepali and Gobar. In the 1960s Bharni, Kachni and Tantrik style were mainly done Brahman & Kayashth women, who are upper caste women in India and Nepal. Their themes were mainly religious, and they depicted Gods and Goddesses in their paintings. People of lower castes and classes included aspects of their daily life and symbols of Gods and Goddesses much more, in their paintings. The Godna and Gobar style is done by the Dalit and Dushadh communities. Of course, nowadays Madhubani has become a globalized art form, and has received international and national attention.
Initialy Madhubani paintings were done on the traditional base of freshly plastered mud wall of huts.But now they are being done on various bases like cloth, handmade paper and canvas.Madhubani paintings make use of three-dimensional images and the colors that are used are derived mainly from plants. Continue reading “Madhubani paintings”