Indian folk art , Gond painting
This post is about another beautiful Indian folk art , Gond painting.
The Gonds or Gondis are the largest Adivasi Community in India and are Dravidian’s whose origin can be traced to the pre-Aryan era. They are mainly found in Madhya Pradesh and its surrounding States like andhra pradesh,odissa,uttar pradesh,maharashtra and chattisgarh. The word Gond comes from Kond, which means green mountains in the dravidian.Their language is related to Telegu and other Dravidian languages. About half of Gonds speak Gondi languages, while the rest speak Indo – Aryan languages including Hindi.
The Gonds traditionally painted on mud walls of their houses. The Gonds paint their walls with vibrant depictions of local flora, fauna and gods. Traditionally made on festive occasions, Gond painting depicts various celebrations, rituals and man’s relationship with nature. The artists use natural colours derived from charcoal, coloured soil, plant sap, leaves, and cow dung. This mystical art form is created by putting together dots and lines. The imaginative use of the line imparts a sense of movement to the still images. The paintings are an offering in of nature, and are also a mode of seeking protection and warding off evil.
Today most Gond artist’s paints with acrylic on canvases and papers and the few are exposed in India and abroad.The first Gond artist to gain national recognition was Jangarh singh Shyam.One of the distinctive elements is the use of patterns (signatures) to infill the larger forms on the canvas. Village life, sacred trees, blending of human figures with rituals and nature depict the Gond inherited skills and creativity. In the eyes of a Gond artist, everything is sacred and intimately connected to nature. The unique oral narrative tradition of the Gonds is reflected in their paintings as well. The work of Gond artists is rooted in their folk tales and culture, and thus story-telling is a strong element in their works. However every artist today has a personal style and has developed a specific language and pattern.
The below two are the gond paintings that I came across in some exibition.